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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2013 Nov;94(5):593-600. doi: 10.1038/clpt.2013.150. Epub 2013 Jul 23.

Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-escalating phase I, healthy subjects study of intravenous OPN-305, a humanized anti-TLR2 antibody.

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Opsona Therapeutics, Dublin, Republic of Ireland.


Upregulation of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) plays a critical role in inflammation associated with ischemia/reperfusion-induced tissue damage. OPN-305 is the first humanized IgG4 monoclonal antibody against TLR2 in development and is intended for the prevention of reperfusion injury following renal transplantation and other indications. A phase I, single-center, prospective randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was performed to evaluate single ascending doses of OPN-305 in 41 healthy male subjects (age range: 19-58 years) randomized to OPN-305 or placebo across six cohorts. OPN-305 was well tolerated across all doses, with no elevations in endogenous cytokines. A dose-proportional increase in maximum serum concentration (Cmax) was observed, with area under the curve increasing in a greater-than-dose-proportional manner with increasing elimination half-life. OPN-305 produced full TLR2 receptor blockade on CD14(+)CD45(+) cells (monocytes), from 14 (0.5 mg/kg) to >90 (10 mg/kg) days, with a linear effect on the duration of inhibition of interleukin-6 release after TLR2 stimulation.

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