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J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2013 Aug;52(8):851-62. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2013.05.015. Epub 2013 Jul 3.

Family intervention for adolescents with suicidal behavior: a randomized controlled trial and mediation analysis.

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1
University of New South Wales.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Family processes are a risk factor for suicide but few studies target this domain. We evaluated the effectiveness of a family intervention, the Resourceful Adolescent Parent Program (RAP-P) in reducing adolescent suicidal behavior and associated psychiatric symptoms.

METHOD:

A preliminary randomized controlled trial compared RAP-P plus Routine Care (RC) to RC only, in an outpatient psychiatric clinic for N = 48 suicidal adolescents and their parents. Key outcome measures of adolescent suicidality, psychiatric disability, and family functioning were completed at pre-treatment, 3-month, and 6-month follow-up.

RESULTS:

RAP-P was associated with high recruitment and retention, greater improvement in family functioning, and greater reductions in adolescents' suicidal behavior and psychiatric disability, compared to RC alone. Benefits were maintained at follow-up with a strong overall effect size. Changes in adolescent's suicidality were largely mediated by changes in family functioning.

CONCLUSION:

The study provides preliminary evidence for the use of family-focused treatments for adolescent suicidal behavior in outpatient settings. Clinical trial registration information-Family intervention for adolescents with suicidal behaviour: A randomized controlled trial and mediation analysis; http://anzctr.org/; ACTRN12613000668707.

KEYWORDS:

family therapy; randomized controlled trial; suicidal behavior

PMID:
23880495
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaac.2013.05.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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