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Curr Med Res Opin. 2013 Oct;29(10):1263-74. doi: 10.1185/03007995.2013.827566. Epub 2013 Aug 8.

Effect of tobacco smoking and smoking cessation on plasma lipoproteins and associated major cardiovascular risk factors: a narrative review.

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1
Second Prop. Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Hippocration Hospital , Thessaloniki , Greece.

Abstract

Cigarette smoking, active or passive, kills about 6 million people each year worldwide. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is responsible for 40% of all smoking-related deaths, lung cancer accounts for 20% of all smoking-related deaths, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is related to another 20% of deaths. In this narrative review we consider the relationship between cigarette smoking and CVD. We discuss disease states and/or CVD risk factors related to smoking, such as dyslipidaemia, vascular inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, arterial stiffness, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) as well as their complex interrelations. Smoking cessation can correct abnormalities related to smoking; however, success rates are relatively low. In cases of inability to quit, measures to minimize the adverse effects of smoking specifically related to CVD should be taken. Smokers should receive best practice treatment, according to guidelines, as for non-smokers.

PMID:
23879722
DOI:
10.1185/03007995.2013.827566
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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