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Int J Dermatol. 2014 Feb;53(2):164-70. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-4632.2012.05701.x. Epub 2013 Jul 24.

Clinical analysis and classification of dark eye circle.

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1
Department of Dermatology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Department of Cosmetic Science, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Dark eye circle (DEC) is a common problem that usually lacks detailed classification in the etiology and structural variations. A newly-developed DEC Assessment Score using Wood's lamp and ultrasonogram will provide a more precise evaluation of DEC for improving treatment results.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Sixty-five cases, including eight males and 57 females with a mean age of 38.9 years, were enrolled. DEC were classified into pigmented (brown), vascular (blue to purple), structural, and mixed type by Wood's lamp and ultrasonogram. A scoring system with nine parameters, including brown hue, pigmented lesions, blue/pink/purple hue, periorbital puffiness, shadow hue, infraorbital palpebral bags, infraorbital grooves, blepharoptosis, and skin type, was used for clinical evaluation.

RESULTS:

Pigmented, vascular, structural, and mixed types of DEC represented 5%, 14%, 3%, and 78%, respectively. Thirty-three cases with periorbital puffiness were found to have higher "pre-septal thickness" than those of 20 controlled cases (P = 0.032). Fourteen patients with infraorbital palpebral bags were proved to have protruded retroseptal fat pads by ultrasonography.

CONCLUSION:

Pigmentation and vascular and structural components may play important roles in DEC. Detailed classification of DEC types will access physicians in the decision of appropriate therapeutic modalities.

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