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J Neurotrauma. 2014 Jan 15;31(2):159-68. doi: 10.1089/neu.2013.3031. Epub 2013 Oct 16.

Current recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of concussion in sport: a comparison of three new guidelines.

Author information

1
Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center , Silver Spring, Maryland.

Abstract

Currently, there is considerable debate within the sports medicine community about the role of concussion and the risk of chronic neurological sequelae. This concern has led to significant confusion among primary care providers and athletic trainers about how to best identify those athletes at risk and how to treat those with concussion. During the first quarter of 2013, several new or updated clinical practice guidelines and position statements were published on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of mild traumatic brain injury/concussion in sports. Three of these guidelines were produced by the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine, The American Academy of Neurology, and the Zurich Consensus working group. The goal of each group was to clearly define current best practices for the definition, diagnosis, and acute and post-acute management of sports-related concussion, including specific recommendations for return to play. In this article, we compare the recommendations of each of the three groups, and highlight those topics for which there is consensus regarding the definition of concussion, diagnosis, and acute care of athletes suspected of having a concussion, as well as return-to-play recommendations.

PMID:
23879529
PMCID:
PMC3900013
DOI:
10.1089/neu.2013.3031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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