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Oral Health Prev Dent. 2013;11(3):235-42. doi: 10.3290/j.ohpd.a30166.

Validation of a Romanian version of the short form of the oral health impact profile (OHIP-14) for use in an urban adult population.



To obtain a valid Romanian version of the OHIP-14 for use among Romanian adults, either in Romania or abroad.


The Romanian version of the OHIP-14 was obtained through the back translation technique and pre-tested in a pilot study. Subsequently, it was self-administered to 187 adults who also underwent a clinical examination. Cronbach alpha was used to check the internal consistency and reliability analysis and validity tests were used to determine the psychometric properties of the questionnaire.


The Cronbach alpha coefficient obtained was 0.88. Inter-item correlation coefficients were between 0.01 and 0.74; item-total correlation values ranged between 0.25 and 0.77. There were statistically significant associations (p <= 0.001) between the respondents' self-perceived oral health (r = 0.41), the dental treatment need (r = 0.35) and the mean of the OHIP-14 total scores. Similar statistically significant associations (p <= 0.001) existed between the OHIP-14 total scores mean and the clinical data - the number of decayed (D) and of missing (M) teeth and the prosthetic treatment need - proving the construct validity of the questionnaire. The subscales 'physical pain' and 'psychological disability' have the most important impact on the overall OHIP-14 score. The subscales 'social disability' and 'handicap' seem to make the least contribution to the overall OHIP-14 score.


The Romanian version of the OHIP-14 is a valid and reliable questionnaire that can be used in future studies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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