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J Infect Dis. 2013 Nov 1;208(9):1520-8. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jit313. Epub 2013 Jul 21.

Toxoplasma serotype is associated with development of ocular toxoplasmosis.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Worldwide, ocular toxoplasmosis (OT) is the principal cause of posterior uveitis, a severe, life-altering disease. A Toxoplasma gondii enzyme-linked immunoassay that detects strain-specific antibodies present in serum was used to correlate serotype with disease.

METHODS:

Toxoplasma serotypes in consecutive serum samples from German uveitis patients with OT were compared with non-OT seropositive patients with noninfectious autoimmune posterior uveitis. OT patients were tested for association of parasite serotype with age, gender, location, clinical onset, size, visual acuity, or number of lesions (mean follow-up, 3.8 years) to determine association with recurrences.

RESULTS:

A novel, nonreactive (NR) serotype was detected more frequently in serum samples of OT patients (50/114, 44%) than in non-OT patients (4/56, 7%) (odds ratio, 10.0; 95% confidence interval 3.4-40.8; P < .0001). Non-OT patients were predominantly infected with Type II strains (39/56; 70%), consistent with expected frequencies in Central Europe. Among OT patients, those with NR serotypes experienced more frequent recurrences (P = .037). Polymerase chain reaction detected parasite DNA in 8/60 OT aqueous humor specimens but failed to identify Type II strain alleles.

CONCLUSIONS:

Toxoplasma NR and Type II serotypes predominate in German OT patients. The NR serotype is associated with OT recurrences, underscoring the value of screening for management of disease.

KEYWORDS:

Diagnosis; ocular inflammatory disease; serotype; toxoplasmosis; uveitis

PMID:
23878321
PMCID:
PMC3789564
DOI:
10.1093/infdis/jit313
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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