Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2013 Oct 1;46:139-45. doi: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2013.07.007. Epub 2013 Jul 19.

Reward/punishment sensitivities among internet addicts: Implications for their addictive behaviors.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua City, Zhejiang Province, PR China. Electronic address: dongguangheng@zjnu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Internet addiction disorder (IAD) has raised widespread public health concerns. In this study, we used a gambling task to simulate extreme win/lose situations to find the reward/punishment sensitivities after continuous wins and losses. FMRI data were collected from 16 IAD subjects (21.4±3.1years) and 15 healthy controls (HC, 22.1±3.6years). Group comparisons showed higher superior frontal gyrus activations after continuous wins for IAD subjects than for HC. The brain activities in IAD subjects were not disturbed by their losses. In addition, IAD participants showed decreased posterior cingulate activation compared to HC after continuous losses. These results indicated that IAD participants showed preference to win while neglecting their losses. Therefore they engaged less executive endeavor to control their frustration after continuous losses. Taken together, we concluded that IAD subjects showed enhanced sensitivity to win and decreased sensitivity to lose. This can help us understand why IAD subjects continue playing online even after noticing the severe negative consequences of their behaviors.

KEYWORDS:

BOLD; CONTROL; DSM; Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders; EPI; Executive function; FWE; GLM; HC; IAD; IAT; IGA; Internet addiction; LOSS; PCC; Reward/punishment sensitivity; SFG; WIN; any pseudo-random order of 3 trials not including consecutive wins or losses; blood oxygen level dependence; echo-planar images; experience after 3 consecutive losing trials; experience after 3 consecutive winning trials; fMRI; family-wise-error; general linear model; healthy controls; internet addiction disorder; internet addiction test; internet gaming addiction; posterior cingulate cortex; superior frontal gyrus

PMID:
23876789
DOI:
10.1016/j.pnpbp.2013.07.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center