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Int J Cardiol. 2013 Oct 9;168(4):3896-901. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.06.049. Epub 2013 Jul 20.

Rapid rule out of acute myocardial infarction using undetectable levels of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin.

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  • 1Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Basel, Switzerland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We examined whether undetectable levels of high-sensitivity cardiac Troponin (hs-cTn) can be used to rule out acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with a single blood draw at presentation to the emergency department (ED).

METHODS AND RESULTS:

In a prospective multicenter study we used 4 different hs-cTn assays (hs-cTnT Roche, and hs-cTnI Siemens, hs-cTnI Beckman Coulter and hs-cTnI Abbott) in consecutive patients presenting with acute chest pain. The final diagnosis of AMI was adjudicated by two independent cardiologists using all available data including serial hs-cTnT levels. Mean follow up was 24 months. Among 2072 consecutive patients with available hs-cTnT levels, 21% had an adjudicated diagnosis of AMI. Among AMI patients, 98.2% had initially detectable levels of hs-cTnT (sensitivity 98.2%, 95%CI 96.3%-99.2%, negative predictive value (NPV) 98.6%, 95%CI 97.0%-99.3%). Undetectable levels of hs-cTnT ruled out AMI in 26.5% of patients at presentation. The NPV was similar with the three hs-cTnI assays: among 1180 consecutive patients with available hs-cTnI (Siemens), the NPV was 98.8%; among 1151 consecutive patients with available hs-cTnI (Beckman Coulter), the NPV was 99.2%; among 1567 consecutive patients with available hs-cTnI (Abbott), the NPV was 100.0%. The percentage of patients with undetectable levels of hs-cTnI was similar among the three hs-cTnI assays and ranged from 11.4% to 13.9%.

CONCLUSIONS:

Undetectable levels of hs-cTn at presentation have a very high NPV and seem to allow the simple and rapid rule out of AMI. This criteria applies to much more patients with hs-TnT as compared to the investigated hs-cTnI assays.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00470587.

KEYWORDS:

Acute myocardial infarction; High sensitive cardiac troponin; Rapid rule-out

PMID:
23876467
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.06.049
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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