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Epilepsy Res. 1990 Jul;6(2):110-8.

Recurrent spontaneous hippocampal seizures in the rat as a chronic sequela to limbic status epilepticus.

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Department of Neurology, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville 22908.


A period of continuous hippocampal stimulation (CHS) establishes an acute condition of self-sustaining limbic status epilepticus (SSLSE) which is followed by chronic neuropathological changes reminiscent of hippocampal sclerosis encountered in epileptic patients. In the chronic (greater than or equal to 1 month) condition following CHS-induced SSLSE, extended electrographic monitoring in the hippocampus revealed spontaneous recurrent paroxysmal discharges. All 6 animals studied had persistent interictal spiking; 3 had multiple fully developed electrographic seizures. There was a marked diminution of paired pulse inhibition, demonstrated by a protocol known to reflect the potency of inhibition mediated by GABAA receptors. Hippocampal slices from animals that had previously experienced CHS-induced SSLSE demonstrated an increased excitability relative to slices from control animals as evidenced by epileptiform bursting in increased extracellular potassium ([K+]0) and decreased extracellular calcium ([Ca2+]0). These studies establish that CHS-induced SSLSE in rats provides an experimental model with recurrent spontaneous hippocampal seizures. Based on electrophysiological data we suggest that a decrease in GABA-mediated inhibition and/or altered sensitivity to extracellular ions may play roles in the development of such seizures.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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