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Behav Processes. 2013 Oct;99:112-20. doi: 10.1016/j.beproc.2013.07.006. Epub 2013 Jul 17.

On the differences in degree of renewal produced by the different renewal designs.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, State University of New York - Binghamton, USA.

Abstract

This paper addresses sources contributing to the differences in the degree of recovery from extinction observed with different renewal paradigms. In two lick suppression experiments with rats, we assessed the role of the associative status of the acquisition context in both the weakness of AAC renewal and the sometimes observed weaker renewal resulting from an ABC design relative to an ABA design. In Experiment 1, we observed that AAC renewal relative to an AAA control group was small unless Context A had undergone associative deflation (i.e., extinction of Context A). Deflation of Context A not only decreased behavioral control by the CS in the AAA condition, but increased it in the AAC condition, thereby implicating a comparator process in addition to associative summation between the CS and test context. In Experiment 2, an excitatory acquisition context was found to enhance the difference between ABC and ABA renewal. Associative deflation of the acquisition context decreased ABA renewal more than ABC renewal. Thus, the associative value of the acquisition context (A) was more positively related to the level of renewal when the target CS (X) was tested in this context than when it was tested in a neutral but equally familiar context (C), consistent with the frequently observed greater renewal in an ABA condition than an ABC condition arising from associative summation of the CS and test context. These findings demonstrate that the excitatory status of the acquisition context influences the observed degree of renewal.

KEYWORDS:

Context; Extinction; Renewal

PMID:
23872501
PMCID:
PMC3791172
DOI:
10.1016/j.beproc.2013.07.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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