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Dev Biol. 2013 Oct 1;382(1):160-71. doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2013.07.004. Epub 2013 Jul 16.

The N-BAR domain protein, Bin3, regulates Rac1- and Cdc42-dependent processes in myogenesis.

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Graduate Program in Biochemistry, Cell and Developmental Biology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA; Department of Pharmacology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.


Actin dynamics are necessary at multiple steps in the formation of multinucleated muscle cells. BAR domain proteins can regulate actin dynamics in several cell types, but have been little studied in skeletal muscle. Here, we identify novel functions for the N-BAR domain protein, Bridging integrator 3 (Bin3), during myogenesis in mice. Bin3 plays an important role in regulating myofiber size in vitro and in vivo. During early myogenesis, Bin3 promotes migration of differentiated muscle cells, where it colocalizes with F-actin in lamellipodia. In addition, Bin3 forms a complex with Rac1 and Cdc42, Rho GTPases involved in actin polymerization, which are known to be essential for myotube formation. Importantly, a Bin3-dependent pathway is a major regulator of Rac1 and Cdc42 activity in differentiated muscle cells. Overall, these data classify N-BAR domain proteins as novel regulators of actin-dependent processes in myogenesis, and further implicate BAR domain proteins in muscle growth and repair.


BAR; BAR domain; Bin; Bin-Amphiphysin-Rvs; Bridging integrator; CSA; Cdc42; Cross-sectional area; DM; Differentiation media; Embryonic myosin heavy chain; F-actin; Filamentous actin; GAP; GEF; GM; GRAF1; GTPase regulator associated with focal adhesion kinase-1; GTPase-activating protein; Growth media; Guanine nucleotide exchange factor; KO; Knockout; Muscle regeneration; Myogenesis; PAK; PBDp21-binding; RV; Rac1; Retrovirus; WT; Wild-type; domain; eMyHC; p21-activated protein kinase

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