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Analyst. 2013 Sep 21;138(18):5318-24. doi: 10.1039/c3an01060k. Epub 2013 Jul 18.

Multiplexed DNA detection with a composite molecular beacon based on guanine-quenching.

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Key Laboratory of Biologic Resources Protection and Utilization of Hubei Province, Hubei University for Nationalities, Enshi 445000, China.


We developed a multiplexed DNA detection method with a composite molecular beacon (MB) probe based on guanine-quenching by synchronous fluorescence analysis. It is demonstrated by two types of tumor-suppressor genes namely exon segments of p16 (T1) and p53 (T2) genes. The composite MB probe includes two loops and two stems, and two fluorophores of 6-carboxyfluorescein group (FAM) and tetramethyl-6-carboxyrhodamine (TAMRA) are connected to the two ends of molecular beacon. Every stem portion of MB include four continuous nucleotides with guanine (G) base as quencher, every loop portion is a probe sequence that is complementary to a corresponding target sequence. In the absence of target DNA, the composite MBs are in the stem-closed form, the fluorescence of FAM and TAMRA are quenched by G bases. At this time, the fluorescence signals of FAM and TAMRA are all very low. In the presence of target DNA, the MBs hybridize with the target DNA and form double-strands, FAM and TAMRA are separated from G bases, and the fluorescence of FAM and TAMRA recovers simultaneously. Thus, the simultaneous detection of two targets of DNA can be realized by measuring fluorescence signals of FAM and TAMRA, respectively. Under the optimum conditions, the fluorescence intensities of FAM and TAMRA all exhibit good linear dependence on their target DNA concentration in the range from 5 × 10(-11) to 5.5 × 10(-9) M. The detection limit of T1 is 4 × 10(-11) M (3σ), and that of T2 is 3 × 10(-11) M. This composite MB can be applied to detect the real sample, and can be applied to detect two aleatoric sequences of DNA. Compared with previously reported methods of detecting multiplexed target DNA with MBs, the proposed method has some advantages including easy synthesis of composite MB probes, low detection cost and shorter analytical time.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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