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Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013;2013:513542. doi: 10.1155/2013/513542. Epub 2013 Jun 24.

Reishi Protein LZ-8 Induces FOXP3(+) Treg Expansion via a CD45-Dependent Signaling Pathway and Alleviates Acute Intestinal Inflammation in Mice.

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1
Department of Biotechnology and Laboratory Science in Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, No. 155, Section 2, Li-Nong Street, Taipei 11221, Taiwan ; The Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11574, Taiwan ; Program in Molecular Medicine, National Yang-Ming University and Academia Sinica, Taipei 11574, Taiwan.

Abstract

LZ-8, an immunomodulatory protein isolated from Ganoderma lucidum (also known as Ling-Zhi or Reishi), has been shown to promote cell proliferation and IL-2 production in T cells. In this study, we show that LZ-8 induces the expansion of both murine and human CD4(+) T cells into FOXP3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells. LZ-8 treatment was found to stimulate a 4-fold and a 10-fold expansion in the Treg populations of murine and human primary CD4(+) T cells, respectively. In addition, the expression of CTLA-4 and IL-10 was induced in LZ-8-treated CD4(+) T cells. Using neutralizing antibodies and gene-deficient T-cell lines, we also found that LZ-8 promotes Treg expansion through a CD45-mediated signaling pathway and that the CD18-dependent induction of IL-2 was involved in Treg formation and IL-10 production. The suppressive activity of LZ-8 was confirmed using a murine model of DSS-induced colitis; the disease was alleviated by the adoptive transfer of LZ-8-treated CD4(+) T cells. In conclusion, a new regulatory function for LZ-8 was identified, and the molecular mechanisms underlying this function were elucidated.

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