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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2013 Nov;94(5):585-92. doi: 10.1038/clpt.2013.145. Epub 2013 Jul 17.

Conjunctive therapy of cisplatin with the OCT2 inhibitor cimetidine: influence on antitumor efficacy and systemic clearance.

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Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, St Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee.


The organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2) regulates uptake of cisplatin in proximal tubules, and inhibition of OCT2 protects against severe cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. However, it remains uncertain whether potent OCT2 inhibitors, such as cimetidine, can influence the antitumor properties and/or disposition of cisplatin. Using an array of preclinical assays, we found that cimetidine had no effect on the uptake and cytotoxicity of cisplatin in ovarian cancer cells with high OCT2 mRNA levels (IGROV-1 cells). Moreover, the antitumor efficacy of cisplatin in mice bearing luciferase-tagged IGROV-1 xenografts was unaffected by cimetidine (P = 0.39). Data obtained in 18 patients receiving cisplatin (100 mg/m(2)) in a randomized crossover fashion with or without cimetidine (800 mg × 2) revealed that cimetidine did not alter exposure to unbound cisplatin, a marker of antitumor efficacy (4.37 vs. 4.38 µg·h/ml; P = 0.86). These results support the future clinical exploration of OCT2 inhibitors as specific modifiers of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity.

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