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J Acoust Soc Am. 2013 Jul;134(1):EL77-83. doi: 10.1121/1.4809771.

Localization of a noisy broadband surface target using time differences of multipath arrivals.

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Northwest Electromagnetics and Acoustics Research Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Portland State University, 1 Southwest 4th Avenue, Suite 160, Portland, Oregon 97201, USA.


Previous studies [Tiemann et al., J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 120, 2355-2365 (2006)] have reported the localization of marine mammals in 3-D from their clicks using multipath arrivals. Bathymetric variations were advantageously used to predict multipath arrival times with a raytracer. These arrivals are directly discernible from the time series for impulsive sources, such as whale clicks, but extension of the method to continuous broadband sources presents additional complications. By pulse compressing noise emitted from a small boat using two hydrophones, the hyperbolic direct-arrival ambiguity can be refined in both range and bearing. Acoustic-derived results are validated with target GPS measurements.


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