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J Natl Med Assoc. 2013 Spring;105(1):4-15.

Sleep-related behaviors and beliefs associated with race/ethnicity in women.

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Division of Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Center for Sleep and Circadian Neurobiology, 3624 Market St, Ste 205, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.


Explore how social factors influence sleep, especially sleep-related beliefs and behaviors. Sleep complaints, sleep hygiene behaviors, and beliefs about sleep were studied in 65 black/African American and white/European American women. Differences were found for snoring and discrepancy between sleep duration and need. Sleep behaviors differed across groups for napping, methods for coping with sleep difficulties, and nonsleep behaviors in bed. Beliefs also distinguished groups, with differences in motivation for sleep and beliefs about sleep being important for health and functioning. These findings have important public health implications in terms of developing effective sleep education interventions that include consideration of cultural aspects.

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