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Oncology. 2013;85(2):69-77. doi: 10.1159/000351032. Epub 2013 Jul 16.

Platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta serum concentrations during first-line therapy in ovarian cancer.

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Department of Gynecology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.



Angiogenesis plays an important role in ovarian cancer. The interaction of platelet-derived growth factor receptor-beta (PDGFR-β) with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the process of angiogenesis may represent an essential feature in the progression of the disease.


Patients with epithelial ovarian cancer, who underwent primary surgery and platinum-based first-line chemotherapy, were included. A total of 133 serum samples from 39 patients were analyzed. Samples were prospectively collected at 4 time points: (1) before surgery, (2) after surgery and before chemotherapy, (3) during chemotherapy and (4) after chemotherapy. Serum PDGFR-β was quantified by ELISA. We analyzed the correlation of serum levels to chemotherapy response, progression-free and overall survival (PFS and OS) and the serum markers CA-125 and VEGF-165.


Serum concentration of PDGFR-β ranged between 4 and 72 ng/ml and increased significantly during first-line chemotherapy (p = 0.019). PDGFR-β serum concentrations showed an inverse correlation with CA-125 and VEGF-165 after chemotherapy (r = -0.495, p = 0.003 and r = -0.345, p = 0.04, respectively). Increased PDGFR-β serum levels after chemotherapy were significantly correlated with better PFS (p = 0.026) and OS (p = 0.013) in a univariate analysis.


PDGFR-β might be a useful biomarker in terms of prognosis and could be important as antiangiogenic agents become a component of standard treatment in ovarian cancer.

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