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Neuroradiol J. 2013 Feb;26(1):94-6. Epub 2013 Mar 8.

Lymphoblastic leukaemia presenting as a carotid-cavernous fistula.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Royal Hallamshire Hospital; Sheffield, UK. vbagga@doctors.org.uk

Abstract

A carotid-cavernous fistula is a life-threatening condition characterised by an abnormal communication between the carotid arterial vessels and the cavernous venous system. Although these fistulae can arise spontaneously, they mainly occur after trauma, especially road traffic accidents, falls and penetrating cranial or orbital injuries. The mainstay of treatment involves endovascular embolization, but in those patients where this is not possible or where embolization fails, direct surgical intervention and ligation of the artery may be necessary. Here we describe an interesting case of a suspected carotid-cavernous fistula which turned out to be cavernous sinus syndrome secondary to lymphoma.

PMID:
23859175
PMCID:
PMC5278871
DOI:
10.1177/197140091302600116
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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