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Asia Pac J Public Health. 2013 Jul;25(4 Suppl):57S-63S. doi: 10.1177/1010539513492819. Epub 2013 Jul 15.

Association between MTHFR gene polymorphisms, smoking, and the incidence of vascular dementia.

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Department of Physiology, Wenzhou Medical College, Wenzhou, China.


This study investigated the relationship between N5,N10-methylene tetrahydrofolic acid reductase (MTHFR) polymorphisms, smoking, and vascular dementia (VD). Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis was used to analyze the frequency of the C/T polymorphism at position 677 of the MTHFR gene in 304 VD patients and 300 control patients with nondementia cerebral infarction. The CC, CT, and TT genotype frequencies of the MTHFR gene were 43.42%, 32.57%, and 24.01%, respectively, in the VD group, and 50.67%, 32.00%, and 17.33%, respectively, in the control group. The T allele frequency was significantly higher in the VD group than in the control group (P < .05). Among patients who smoked, the relative risk of VD in patients with the TT genotype and T allele was higher than in the control group (P < .05). Therefore, the smoking group with the T allele has the highest risk of VD, and synergy appears to exist between the MTHFR gene polymorphisms and smoking in susceptibility to VD.


N10-methylene tetrahydrofolic acid reductase (MTHFR); N5; correlation analysis; gene polymorphism; smoking; vascular dementia

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