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Asia Pac J Public Health. 2015 Mar;27(2):NP650-61. doi: 10.1177/1010539513491416. Epub 2013 Jul 15.

Is what Filipino children eat between meals associated with body mass index?

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University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines
University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines.
University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.


The study aimed to assess the association between childhood obesity and snacking. A total of 396 students in grades 4 to 6 enrolled in an elementary school in the Philippines were the participants in this study. Demographic profile; anthropometric measures of height, weight, body mass index; and information about snacking were gathered. Obese group had statistically more servings of sweetened drinks and low-quality snacks. Female obese subjects have statistically more servings at nighttime and greater total snack servings. For the whole cohort, the odds ratio of being overweight with high total snack servings was 2.12 (95% confidence interval = 1.25-3.62) whereas the odds ratio of being obese with calories obtained from snacking was 2.08 (95% confidence interval = 1.01-4.26). Nighttime snacks and bad-quality foods should be minimized. Moreover, reducing food portions at any snack time will protect children from being overweight.


Filipino children; body mass index; childhood obesity; overweight; snacking

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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