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Europace. 2013 Oct;15(10):1522-5. doi: 10.1093/europace/eut224. Epub 2013 Jul 14.

Screening of genes encoding junctional candidates in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia.

Author information

1
UPMC Univ Paris 6, INSERM, UMRS 956, AP-HP, 91 Boulevard de l'Hôpital, Paris F-75013, France.

Abstract

AIMS:

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia (ARVC/D) is an inherited cardiomyopathy characterized by fibro-fatty replacement of the right ventricle and ventricular arrhythmias. The major disease-causing genes encode cardiac desmosomal components but are involved in only ∼50% of patients. To identify the missing genetic determinants, we used a candidate gene approach, focusing on the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of the main ARVC/D gene PKP2 and on additional genes involved in desmosomal structure or function.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We screened a population of 64 ARVC/D probands with no identified mutations in any of the five known desmosomal genes (PKP2, DSG2, DSP, DSC2, and JUP). No putative mutation was identified in the 3'-UTR of PKP2 or in PNN, CTNNA3, CAV1, or PLN coding sequences. In a single proband, we identified two rare heterozygous missense variants affecting evolutionary conserved residues: c.175G>A (p.Gly59Arg) in PERP and c.1811A>G (p.Asp604Gly) in PKP4 (minor allele frequency <0.5% in control population).

CONCLUSION:

Our study suggests that mutations in the candidate genes studied and regulation of PKP2 mRNA via 3'-UTR dependent mechanisms are unlikely to be major causes of ARVC/D in the studied population. Additional studies are needed to investigate the putative effects of rare PKP4 and PERP variants in this disease.

KEYWORDS:

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia; Candidate gene analysis; Cardiomyopathy; Desmosomes; Genetics; Mutation

PMID:
23858024
DOI:
10.1093/europace/eut224
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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