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J Subst Abuse Treat. 2013 Sep;45(3):313-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2013.03.001. Epub 2013 Apr 9.

Treatment of co-occurring alcohol dependence and perpetration of intimate partner violence: the role of anger expression.

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Division of Substance Abuse, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06511 USA.


The purpose of the current study was to examine the role of high self-reported anger on violence and substance use across treatment. Seventy-three, alcohol-dependent males, with a domestic violence arrest within the past year, completed baseline anger measures and engaged in a 12 week cognitive behavioral therapy or 12 step facilitation group. Monthly assessments of substance use and violence were completed. At baseline, participants high on anger expression reported more physical violence in the prior month and more violent arrests. Participants high on anger expression had a greater proportion of positive breathalyzers across treatment, higher frequency of reported drug use across treatment, and higher reported frequency of verbal violence at discharge. These findings suggests that participants who are high on anger expression may need longer-term or more intensive treatments to maintain gains made during treatment because of the increased risk of relapse to both substance use and violence.


Alcohol dependence; Anger; Anger expression; Intimate partner violence; Treatment

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