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Environ Pollut. 2013 Oct;181:287-300. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2013.06.003. Epub 2013 Jul 12.

Environmental concentrations of engineered nanomaterials: review of modeling and analytical studies.

Author information

1
Empa - Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Technology and Society Laboratory, Lerchenfeldstrasse 5, CH-9014 St. Gallen, Switzerland.

Abstract

Scientific consensus predicts that the worldwide use of engineered nanomaterials (ENM) leads to their release into the environment. We reviewed the available literature concerning environmental concentrations of six ENMs (TiO2, ZnO, Ag, fullerenes, CNT and CeO2) in surface waters, wastewater treatment plant effluents, biosolids, sediments, soils and air. Presently, a dozen modeling studies provide environmental concentrations for ENM and a handful of analytical works can be used as basis for a preliminary validation. There are still major knowledge gaps (e.g. on ENM production, application and release) that affect the modeled values, but over all an agreement on the order of magnitude of the environmental concentrations can be reached. True validation of the modeled values is difficult because trace analytical methods that are specific for ENM detection and quantification are not available. The modeled and measured results are not always comparable due to the different forms and sizes of particles that these two approaches target.

KEYWORDS:

Engineered nanomaterials; Measured environmental concentrations; Predicted environmental concentrations (PEC)

PMID:
23856352
DOI:
10.1016/j.envpol.2013.06.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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