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Contemp Clin Dent. 2013 Jan;4(1):119-23. doi: 10.4103/0976-237X.111634.

Cowden syndrome- Clinico-radiological illustration of a rare case.

Author information

1
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Subharti Dental College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Abstract

Cowden syndrome (CS) or multiple hamartoma syndrome is an infrequent genodermatoses, which is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait resulting from the mutation in the Phosphatase and Tensin homolog gene on the arm 10q and is principally characterized by multiple hamartomas with an increased risk of development of malignancies. Facial and oral signs are remarkable in the form of multiple papules and trichilemmomas on the face. We report one such rare case of CS in a 19-year-old patient who was diagnosed on the basis of her oral mucosal lesions and was further investigated and diagnosed with other hamartomas. The present case report signifies the responsibility of the oral physician in the early diagnosis of this progressive pathological syndrome as it leaves its footmark in the oral cavity in the form of oral mucosal lesions.

KEYWORDS:

Cowden syndrome; fibroadenoma breast; gastrointestinal tract polyps; hamartomas; multinodular goiter; oral papules; trichilemmomas

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