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J Mol Neurosci. 2013 Oct;51(2):461-6. doi: 10.1007/s12031-013-0066-9. Epub 2013 Jul 13.

Cyclooxygenase 2 genetic polymorphism may increase the risk of developing leukoaraiosis in Chinese.

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Department of Clinical Laboratory, Jinhua Municipal Central Hospital, Jinhua, 321000, Zhejiang Province, People's Republic of China.


Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is a key enzyme involved in the conversion of arachidonic acid into prostaglandins, which are important mediators of inflammation. To clarify the role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of cerebral small vessel disease (SVD), we investigate the possible modulating effect of the functional COX-2 polymorphisms -1195G > A (rs689466) and -765G > C (rs20417) on the risk for development of cerebral SVD in a Chinese population. Genomic DNA of 116 patients with lacunar infarction (LI), 334 patients with leukoaraiosis (LA) and 450 control subjects was genotyped for the COX-2 -1195G > A and -765G > C polymorphisms using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Distribution of genotypes and haplotypes in patients and controls were compared. The genotype distribution of the -765G > C polymorphism was not different between the patients with LI or LA and the control group. The 1195A allele carriers was identified independently to be related with LA (adjusted OR = 1.41, 95 % confidence interval (CI) = 1.09-2.10, P = 0.03) but not associated with LI. The linkage disequilibrium analysis showed that -1195G > A and -765G > C SNPs are moderate linkage disequilibrium in this study population (D' = 0.70, r(2) = 0.16). Compared with G-1195-G-765 haplotype, the haplotype of A-1195-G-765 showed significantly increased the risk of LA (OR = 1.24, 95 % CI = 1.10-1.55, P = 0.04) but not LI. In conclusion, we found that -1195G > A polymorphism and A-1195-G-765 haplotype of COX-2 were associated with susceptibility to LA in a Chinese population.

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