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J Clin Psychol. 2014 Apr;70(4):322-32. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22026. Epub 2013 Jul 12.

The associations between loss and posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms followingHurricane Ike.

Author information

1
Medical University of South Carolina; Northern Illinois University.

Abstract

Disasters can have wide-ranging effects on individuals and their communities. Loss of specific resources (e.g., household contents, job) following a disaster has not been well studied, despite the implications for preparedness efforts and postdisaster interventions.

OBJECTIVE:

To provide information about the effects of loss on postdisaster distress, the present study assessed associations between disaster-related variables, including the loss of specific resources, and postdisaster distress.

METHOD:

Random-digit dialing methodology was used to recruit hurricane-affected adults from Galveston and Chambers, TX, counties one year after Hurricane Ike. Data from 1,249 survivors were analyzed to identify predictors of distress.

RESULTS:

Variables that were significantly associated with posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms included sustained losses, hurricane exposure, and sociodemographic characteristics; similar results were obtained for depressive symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS:

Together, these findings suggest risk factors that may be associated with the development of posthurricane distress that can inform preparedness efforts and posthurricane interventions.

KEYWORDS:

PTSD; depression; disaster; hurricane; loss of resources

PMID:
23852826
PMCID:
PMC3812414
DOI:
10.1002/jclp.22026
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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