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J Clin Lab Anal. 2013 Jul;27(4):272-6. doi: 10.1002/jcla.21596.

Evaluation of in-house loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for rapid diagnosis of M. tuberculosis in pulmonary specimens.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Microbiology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. sunilsethi10@hotmail.com

Erratum in

  • J Clin Lab Anal. 2013 Sep;27(5):339. Sethi, Sunil Kumar [corrected to Sethi, Sunil].

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay has come forward as a rapid, cost-effective molecular technique for diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) in developing countries. This study evaluated Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific in-house LAMP assay targeting 16s rRNA and compared it with other conventional tests and nucleic acid amplification assay (IS6110 PCR).

METHODS:

A total of 133 sputum specimens (103 from suspected pulmonary TB cases and 30 from non-TB controls) were subjected to conventional tests, IS6110 PCR and 16s rRNA LAMP assay.

RESULTS:

Of the 103 patients, the maximum number of cases were found to be positive by LAMP assay, that is, in 87 (84.5%) patients, followed by culture positive in 78 (75.7%), IS6110 PCR in 74 (71.8%), and smear positive in 70 (67.9%) patients. Of the 83 smear positive and/or culture positive cases, LAMP detected 77 (92.77%) cases, and was found to be superior to IS6110 PCR, which could detect 69 (83.1%) cases; a concordance of 0.6 was obtained between the two tests using kappa statistics.

CONCLUSION:

Overall, LAMP was simple and efficacious for early diagnosis of smear positive, culture positive cases as well as for confirmation of smear negative, culture negative cases, and was found to be superior to IS6110 PCR.

KEYWORDS:

16s rRNA LAMP; IS6110; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; pulmonary TB

PMID:
23852783
DOI:
10.1002/jcla.21596
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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