Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Adv Exp Med Biol. 2013;789:195-201. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-7411-1_27.

Amifostine acts upon mitochondria to stimulate growth of bone marrow and regulate cytokines.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China.


Amifostine is a first-line cytoprotective drug used to prevent radiotherapy-induced or chemotherapy-induced injuries. However, its mechanism of action is not well understood. In this study, freshly harvested bone marrow cells were treated with amifostine and analyzed with a series of mitochondrial indices. In vitro results showed that bone marrow cells treated with amifostine 0.5 h before irradiation (0.5 Gy) experienced several benefits, as compared to vehicle controls, including (1) reduced reactive oxygen species levels, which reduced the production of free radicals; (2) better preservation of mitochondria, as indicated by MitoTracker-positive staining and the increased intensity of staining; (3) reduced apoptosis, as demonstrated by Annexin V staining; and (4) a better proliferation rate, as illustrated by MTT assay. Our in vitro studies showed that amifostine-treated mice exhibited (1) higher ATP production; (2) reduced plasma IL-2 levels, suppressing the immune response triggered by radiotoxicity; and (3) enhanced radiation-induced production of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. All of these processes benefit recovery from radiation-induced damage.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk