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Nutr Clin Pract. 2013 Aug;28(4):499-505. doi: 10.1177/0884533613487218. Epub 2013 Jul 12.

Effect of exclusive enteral nutrition on health-related quality of life for adults with active Crohn's disease.

Author information

1
Department of General Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, PR China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is an effective and safe remission induction treatment for Crohn's disease in adults. Its influence on adults' health-related quality of life remains unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of EEN on health-related quality of life in adults with active Crohn's disease.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Patients recruited were treated with a polymeric enteral feed that was taken orally in the daytime and via a self-intubated nasogastric tube at night for 4 weeks. Prospective evaluation of disease activity (Crohn's Disease Activity Index, CDAI) and health-related quality of life (Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire, IBDQ) were performed at enrollment and after 4 weeks of treatment. Patients' feelings about EEN were also investigated through 2 questions.

RESULTS:

Thirteen patients were treated with 4-week EEN. They had a significant improvement in total IBDQ score (P < .001) and all IBDQ dimensions: bowel symptoms (P < .001), systemic symptoms (P < .001), social function (P = .003), and emotional status (P < .001), with 11 patients (84.6%) achieving clinical remission after treatment. In addition, 8 patients (61.5%) expressed their willingness to receive this 4-week EEN treatment again to induce remission if the disease relapsed. The IBDQ correlated significantly with the CDAI at 4 weeks.

CONCLUSIONS:

A 4-week treatment of EEN improves health-related quality of life significantly in adults with active Crohn's disease and was acceptable by most patients.

KEYWORDS:

Crohns disease; enteral nutrition; quality of life

PMID:
23851180
DOI:
10.1177/0884533613487218
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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