Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2013 Aug 2;437(3):469-74. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2013.06.107. Epub 2013 Jul 9.

Inhibiting HIF-1α by 2ME2 ameliorates early brain injury after experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage in rats.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, No. 88 Jiefang road, Hangzhou 310009, China.


Although hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) has been extensively studied in brain injury following hypoxia-ischemia, the role of HIF-1α in early brain injury (EBI) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) remains unclear. The present study was under taken to investigate a potential role of HIF-1α in EBI after SAH. Rats (n=60) were randomly divided into sham+vehicle, SAH+2-methoxyestradiol (2ME2), and SAH+vehicle groups. The SAH model was induced by endovascular perforation and all the rats were subsequently sacrificed at 24h after SAH. We found that treatment with 2ME2 suppressed the expression of HIF-1α, BNIP3 and VEGF and reduced cell apoptosis, blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability, brain edema, and neurologic scores. Double fluorescence labeling revealed that HIF-1α was expressed predominantly in the nuclei of neurons and TUNEL-positive cells. Our work demonstrated that HIF-1α may play a role in EBI after SAH, causing cell apoptosis, BBB disruption, and brain edema by up-regulating its downstream targets, BNIP3 and VEGF. These effects were blocked by the HIF-1α inhibitor, 2ME2.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


2ME2; BNIP3; Early brain injury; Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α; Subarachnoid hemorrhage; VEGF

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk