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Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2013 Dec;94(12):2373-80. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2013.06.024. Epub 2013 Jul 10.

Predictors of functional recovery in patients admitted to geriatric postacute rehabilitation.

Author information

1
Service of Geriatric Medicine and Geriatric Rehabilitation, Department of Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland; Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address: Laurence.Seematter-Bagnoud@chuv.ch.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine characteristics associated with functional recovery in older patients undergoing postacute rehabilitation.

DESIGN:

Observational study.

SETTING:

Postacute rehabilitation facility.

PARTICIPANTS:

Patients (N=2754) aged ≥65 years admitted over a 4-year period.

INTERVENTIONS:

Not applicable.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Functional status was assessed at admission and again at discharge. Functional recovery was defined as achieving at least 30% improvement on the Barthel Index score from admission compared with the maximum possible room for improvement.

RESULTS:

Patients who achieved functional recovery (70.3%) were younger and were more likely to be women, live alone, and be without any formal home care before admission, and they had fewer chronic diseases (all P<.01). They also had better cognitive status and a higher Barthel Index score both at admission (mean ± SD, 63.3±18.0 vs 59.6±24.7) and at discharge (mean ± SD, 86.8±10.4 vs 62.2±22.9) (all P<.001). In multivariate analysis, patients <75 years of age (adjusted odds ratio [OR]=1.51; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.16-1.98; P=.003), women (adjusted OR=1.24; 95% CI, 1.01-1.52; P=.045), patients living alone (adjusted OR=1.61; 95% CI, 1.31-1.98; P<.001), and patients without in-home help prior to admission (adjusted OR=1.39; 95% CI, 1.15-1.69; P=.001) remained at increased odds of functional recovery. In addition, compared with those with moderate-to-severe cognitive impairment (Mini-Mental State Examination score <18), patients with mild-to-moderate impairment (Mini-Mental State Examination score 19-23) and those cognitively intact also had increased odds of functional recovery (adjusted OR=1.56; 95% CI, 1.13-2.15; P=.007; adjusted OR=2.21; 95% CI, 1.67-2.93; P<.001, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

Apart from sociodemographic characteristics, cognition is the strongest factor that identifies older patients more likely to improve during postacute rehabilitation. Further study needs to determine how to best adapt rehabilitation processes to better meet the specific needs of this population and optimize their outcome.

KEYWORDS:

Aged; Health services; MMSE; Mini-Mental State Examination; OR; Recovery of function; Rehabilitation; odds ratio

PMID:
23850613
DOI:
10.1016/j.apmr.2013.06.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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