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Prev Med. 2013 Nov;57(5):494-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.06.029. Epub 2013 Jul 9.

Cardiovascular risk profile of mothers of a Portuguese birth cohort: a survey 4 years after delivery.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Predictive Medicine and Public Health, University of Porto Medical School, Porto, Portugal; Institute of Public Health - University of Porto, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: ealves@med.up.pt.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of smoking, low fruit and vegetable intake, sedentariness, overweight/obesity, abdominal obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus in mothers of a Portuguese birth cohort, 4 years after delivery.

METHODS:

A birth cohort was assembled at public maternities of Porto (2005-2006). Children and mothers were reevaluated 4 years later. In this analysis, 5435 women were included. Socioeconomic characteristics, smoking, diet and exercise were self-reported. Anthropometrics and blood pressure were measured. A subgroup of 2483 randomly selected women provided a fasting venous blood sample for lipid and glucose measurements.

RESULTS:

Overall, 25.3% women smoked, 71.5% consumed <5 portions of fruit and vegetables per day, 81.3% were sedentary, 31.4% were overweight, 21.3% obese and 31.8% had abdominal obesity. The prevalence of hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus was 8.7%, 18.5% and 0.9%, respectively. At least one risk factor from each of the 3 groups (adverse lifestyles, adiposity and cardiometabolic comorbidities) was observed in 17.4% of women. Except for smoking, all risk factors were associated with unemployment, lower education and lower income.

CONCLUSIONS:

The high prevalence of unfavorable lifestyles and adiposity, and the aggregation of risk factors emphasize the adverse cardiovascular risk profile at a young age.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiovascular diseases; Prevalence; Risk factors; Women's health

PMID:
23850554
DOI:
10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.06.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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