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Ann Vasc Surg. 2013 Oct;27(7):996-1005. doi: 10.1016/j.avsg.2013.01.002. Epub 2013 Jul 10.

Cannabis-associated arterial disease.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, AP HP Goupe hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, F-75013, Paris, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study was to describe the different arterial complications reported in cannabis smokers.

METHODS:

This study was a literature review.

RESULTS:

Cannabis use was found to be associated with stroke, myocardial infarction, and lower limb arteritis. Arterial disease involved especially young men. There was a very strong temporal link between arterial complications and cannabis use for stroke and myocardial infarction episodes. Patient outcome was closely correlated with cannabis withdrawal and relapses associated with cannabis rechallenge. Cannabis use was associated with particular characteristics of arterial disease. The increased risk of myocardial infarction onset occurred within 1 hour of smoking marijuana compared with periods of non-use. Strokes occurred mainly in the posterior cerebral circulation. Compared with cohorts of thromboangiitis obliterans patients, those with cannabis-associated limb arteritis were younger, more often male, and had more frequent unilateral involvement of the lower limbs at clinical presentation.

CONCLUSION:

Cannabis use is associated with arterial disease such as stroke, myocardial infarction, and limbs arteritis. It appears essential to investigate cannabis use in young patients presenting with such arterial manifestations, as outcome is closely correlated with cannabis withdrawal.

PMID:
23850313
DOI:
10.1016/j.avsg.2013.01.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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