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Psychiatry Res. 2013 Dec 15;210(2):559-63. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2013.06.033. Epub 2013 Jul 10.

"Not just right experiences" in patients with Tourette syndrome: complex motor tics or compulsions?

Author information

1
The Michael Trimble Neuropsychiatry Research Group, Department of Neuropsychiatry, BSMHFT and University of Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Tourette syndrome (TS) is a chronic tic disorder often accompanied by specific obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) or full-blown obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Repetitive behaviours are commonly reported by patients with TS, who experience the urge to perform an action until it has been done "just right". This study investigated the clinical correlates of "not just right experiences" (NJREs) in this clinical population. A standardised battery of self-report psychometric measures was administered to 71 adult patients with TS recruited from a specialist TS clinic. NJREs were systematically screened for using the Not Just Right Experiences-Questionnaire Revised (NJRE-QR). The vast majority of patients in our clinical sample (n=57, 80%) reported at least one NJRE. Patients diagnosed with TS and co-morbid OCD/OCS (n=42, 59%) reported a significantly higher number of NJREs compared to TS patients without OCD/OCS. The strongest correlation was found between NJRE-QR scores and self-report measures of compulsivity. NJREs appear to be intrinsic to the clinical phenomenology of patients with TS and can present with higher frequency in the context of co-morbid OCD/OCS, suggesting they are more related to compulsions than tics.

KEYWORDS:

Not-just right experiences; Obsessionality; Repetitive behaviours; Tics; Tourette syndrome

PMID:
23850205
DOI:
10.1016/j.psychres.2013.06.033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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