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J Anim Sci. 1990 Jul;68(7):1841-7.

Estimation of direct and maternal genetic variance for litter size in Canadian Yorkshire and Landrace swine using an animal model.

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1
Centre for Genet. Improv. of Livest., Anim. and Poult., Sci., University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Estimates of additive direct heritability (h2a) for traits such as litter size may be biased by maternal effects. The size of these effects was estimated using a derivative-free restricted maximum likelihood procedure under an animal model. First-parity records from Yorkshire (Y) and Landrace (L) gilts were obtained from the Quebec Record of Performance sow productivity program for 21,127 litters born between 1977 and 1987. Direct (sigma 2a) and maternal (sigma 2m) additive genetic variances, their covariance (sigma am) and error variance (sigma 2e) were estimated for total numbers born (NOBN), born alive (NOBA) and weaned (NOWN). Analysis of purebred Y and crossbred litters indicated that estimates of sigma 2a were of similar magnitude for all traits, with h2a ranging from .06 to .13. Except for L litters, estimates of sigma 2m were relatively low for NOBN and NOBA, and increased in size for NOWN, with h2m ranging from 0 to .08. Also, estimates of sigma am were negative, except for NOBN and NOBA with crossbred litters, and became increasingly negative for NOWN. Results from purebred L litters indicated there was a stronger negative correlation between direct and maternal genetic effects for NOBN and NOBA than for NOWN.

PMID:
2384377
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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