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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2013 Dec;68(12):2820-4. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkt269. Epub 2013 Jul 9.

Dissemination of metallo-β-lactamase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa of sequence type 235 in Asian countries.

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1
Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, Eulji University College of Health Science, Seongnam, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate the epidemiological traits of metallo-β-lactamase (MBL)-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MPPA) clinical isolates collected by the Asian Network for Surveillance of Resistant Pathogens (ANSORP).

METHODS:

A total of 16 MPPA clinical isolates were collected from six Asian countries in 2000 to 2009 by ANSORP. The MBL gene was detected by PCR amplification. The genetic organization of the class 1 integron carrying the MBL gene cassette was investigated by PCR mapping and sequencing. Southern blotting, repetitive sequence-based PCR and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) experiments were performed to characterize the isolates.

RESULTS:

PCR and sequencing experiments detected the blaVIM-2 (n = 12), blaVIM-3 (n = 1), blaIMP-6 (n = 2) and blaIMP-26 (n = 1) genes. The MBL genes were located on the chromosome in all isolates except one. Furthermore, all the MBL genes were located in a class 1 integron. All the MPPA isolates from Malaysia, Thailand, Sri Lanka and Korea were identified as sequence type (ST) 235 by MLST. Three VIM-2-producing isolates from India were identified as ST773, and one isolate harbouring VIM-3 from Taiwan was identified as ST298.

CONCLUSIONS:

P. aeruginosa ST235 might play a role in dissemination of MBL genes in Asian countries.

KEYWORDS:

IMP-26; IMP-6; VIM-2; VIM-3; class 1 integrons

PMID:
23843299
DOI:
10.1093/jac/dkt269
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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