Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2013 Sep;72(3):565-75. doi: 10.1007/s00280-013-2227-5. Epub 2013 Jul 11.

Chemotherapy-induced amenorrhea, menopause-specific quality of life, and endocrine profiles in premenopausal women with breast cancer who received adjuvant anthracycline-based chemotherapy: a prospective cohort study.

Author information

1
Department of Oncology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 88 Olympic-ro, Songpa-gu, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We conducted a prospective observational study for premenopausal women receiving adjuvant adriamycin and cyclophosphamide-containing regimens to define the pattern of chemotherapy-induced amenorrhea (CIA), the menopause-specific quality of life (MENQOL), and the hormone profiles.

METHODS:

From October 2003 to July 2007, 387 patients with breast cancer who underwent curative surgery were prospectively included. Patient self-assessment by MENQOL questionnaires and blood samples for hormone assays were taken before chemotherapy, and 1, 6, and 12 months after chemotherapy was completed.

RESULTS:

Patients were categorized into three groups according to their duration and reversibility of amenorrhea, with 312 eligible patients split into long-term CIA (n = 180, 57.7 %), temporary CIA (n = 113, 36.2 %), and menstrual irregularity (n = 19, 6.1 %) groups. Risk factors for long-term CIA were identified as age ≥40 years (p < 0.001), the addition of taxane (p = 0.01), and tamoxifen use (p = 0.03). MENQOL was worst immediately after the completion of adjuvant chemotherapy, and this was not fully recovered even 12 months after chemotherapy had finished. Age ≥40 years and tamoxifen exposure were inversely associated with MENQOL. In long-term CIA patients, the level of follicle-stimulating hormone increased after chemotherapy; this level, however, was reduced in patients who received tamoxifen, but remained high and stable in those who did not (p < 0.001 at 6 months; p < 0.001 at 12 months).

CONCLUSION:

This study showed that most premenopausal breast cancer patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy experienced clinically significant CIA, followed by impaired MENQOL. Our findings may be relevant in the decision-making processes for premenopausal women with breast cancer.

PMID:
23842722
DOI:
10.1007/s00280-013-2227-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Support Center