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Cancer Discov. 2013 Sep;3(9):1030-43. doi: 10.1158/2159-8290.CD-13-0142. Epub 2013 Jul 10.

An F876L mutation in androgen receptor confers genetic and phenotypic resistance to MDV3100 (enzalutamide).

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1Oncology Disease Area, 2Department of Oncology Translational Medicine, Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Cambridge; and 3Department of Cancer Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.


Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is the most aggressive, incurable form of prostate cancer. MDV3100 (enzalutamide), an antagonist of the androgen receptor (AR), was approved for clinical use in men with metastatic CRPC. Although this compound showed clinical efficacy, many initial responders later developed resistance. To uncover relevant resistant mechanisms, we developed a model of spontaneous resistance to MDV3100 in LNCaP prostate cancer cells. Detailed characterization revealed that emergence of an F876L mutation in AR correlated with blunted AR response to MDV3100 and sustained proliferation during treatment. Functional studies confirmed that AR(F876L) confers an antagonist-to-agonist switch that drives phenotypic resistance. Finally, treatment with distinct antiandrogens or cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)4/6 inhibitors effectively antagonized AR(F876L) function. Together, these findings suggest that emergence of F876L may (i) serve as a novel biomarker for prediction of drug sensitivity, (ii) predict a "withdrawal" response to MDV3100, and (iii) be suitably targeted with other antiandrogens or CDK4/6 inhibitors.


We uncovered an F876L agonist-switch mutation in AR that confers genetic and phenotypic resistance to the antiandrogen drug MDV3100. On the basis of this fi nding, we propose new therapeutic strategies to treat patients with prostate cancer presenting with this AR mutation.

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