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PLoS One. 2013 Jul 1;8(7):e68924. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0068924. Print 2013.

ATP consumption by sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca²⁺ pumps accounts for 40-50% of resting metabolic rate in mouse fast and slow twitch skeletal muscle.

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1
Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to directly quantify the relative contribution of Ca²⁺ cycling to resting metabolic rate in mouse fast (extensor digitorum longus, EDL) and slow (soleus) twitch skeletal muscle. Resting oxygen consumption of isolated muscles (VO₂, µL/g wet weight/s) measured polarographically at 30°C was ~20% higher (P<0.05) in soleus (0.326 ± 0.022) than in EDL (0.261 ± 0.020). In order to quantify the specific contribution of Ca²⁺ cycling to resting metabolic rate, the concentration of MgCl₂ in the bath was increased to 10 mM to block Ca²⁺ release through the ryanodine receptor, thus eliminating a major source of Ca²⁺ leak from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), and thereby indirectly inhibiting the activity of the sarco(endo) plasmic reticulum Ca²⁺-ATPases (SERCAs). The relative (%) reduction in muscle VO₂ in response to 10 mM MgCl₂ was similar between soleus (48.0±3.7) and EDL (42.4±3.2). Using a different approach, we attempted to directly inhibit SERCA ATPase activity in stretched EDL and soleus muscles (1.42x optimum length) using the specific SERCA inhibitor cyclopiazonic acid (CPA, up to 160 µM), but were unsuccessful in removing the energetic cost of Ca²⁺ cycling in resting isolated muscles. The results of the MgCl₂ experiments indicate that ATP consumption by SERCAs is responsible for 40-50% of resting metabolic rate in both mouse fast- and slow-twitch muscles at 30°C, or 12-15% of whole body resting VO₂. Thus, SERCA pumps in skeletal muscle could represent an important control point for energy balance regulation and a potential target for metabolic alterations to oppose obesity.

PMID:
23840903
PMCID:
PMC3698183
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0068924
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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