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J Atten Disord. 2016 Feb;20(2):168-77. doi: 10.1177/1087054713494005. Epub 2013 Jul 9.

The Relation of Poor Emotional Awareness and Externalizing Behavior Among Children With ADHD.

Author information

1
University of Louisville, KY, USA pifact01@louisville.edu.
2
University of Louisville, KY, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Children with ADHD often demonstrate poor emotional self-awareness and higher levels of externalizing behavior problems relative to unaffected children. This study examined the relation of deficient emotional self-awareness to externalizing behavior problems in children with ADHD, and the role of emotional reactivity in this relationship.

METHOD:

Fifty-one 8- to 12-year-old children with ADHD and their parents completed measures of the children's emotional and behavioral functioning, as well as a diagnostic structured interview.

RESULTS:

Logistic regression suggested that more impaired emotional self-awareness was strongly associated with the diagnosis of a comorbid externalizing disorder. Hierarchical regression analyses strongly supported the relation of poor emotional awareness to reactivity-driven externalizing behavior, but not to proactive externalizing behavior. These effects were evident across reporters.

CONCLUSION:

This study suggested that poor emotional self-awareness is significantly linked to externalizing problems in children with ADHD, and that dysregulated emotional reactivity plays an important role in this relationship.

KEYWORDS:

ADD/ADHD; emotional expression; emotional regulation; externalizing; externalizing comorbidity

PMID:
23839724
DOI:
10.1177/1087054713494005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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