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Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol. 2014 Nov;58(11):1279-96. doi: 10.1177/0306624X13494694. Epub 2013 Jul 9.

Neurobiological factors as predictors of cognitive-behavioral therapy outcome in individuals with antisocial behavior: a review of the literature.

Author information

1
The Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement (NSCR), Amsterdam, The Netherlands Research and Documentation Centre (WODC), Ministry of Security and Justice, Den Haag, The Netherlands LCornet@nscr.nl.
2
Research and Documentation Centre (WODC), Ministry of Security and Justice, Den Haag, The Netherlands.
3
Altrecht, Den Dolder, The Netherlands Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
4
Departments of Criminology, Psychiatry, and Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA.
5
The Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement (NSCR), Amsterdam, The Netherlands Faculty of Law, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

This review focuses on the predictive value of neurobiological factors in relation to cognitive-behavioral therapy outcome among individuals with antisocial behavior. Ten relevant studies were found. Although the literature on this topic is scarce and diverse, it appears that specific neurobiological characteristics, such as physiological arousal levels, can predict treatment outcome. The predictive value of neurobiological factors is important as it could give more insight into the causes of variability in treatment outcome among individuals with antisocial behavior. Furthermore, results can contribute to improvement in current treatment selection procedures and to the development of alternative treatment options.

KEYWORDS:

antisocial behavior; cognitive–behavioral therapy; neurobiology

PMID:
23839226
DOI:
10.1177/0306624X13494694
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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