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Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2013 Jul 9;8:25. doi: 10.1186/1747-597X-8-25.

A cost-benefit/cost-effectiveness analysis of proposed supervised injection facilities in Montreal, Canada.

Author information

1
School of Criminology, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada V5A 1S6. eja2@sfu.ca

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This paper will determine whether expanding Insite (North America's first and only supervised injection facility) to more locations in Canada such as Montreal, cost less than the health care consequences of not having such expanded programs for injection drug users.

METHODS:

By analyzing secondary data gathered in 2012, this paper relies on mathematical models to estimate the number of new HIV and Hepatitis C (HCV) infections prevented as a result of additional SIF locations in Montreal.

RESULTS:

With very conservative estimates, it is predicted that the addition of each supervised injection facility (up-to a maximum of three) in Montreal will on average prevent 11 cases of HIV and 65 cases of HCV each year. As a result, there is a net cost saving of CDN$0.686 million (HIV) and CDN$0.8 million (HCV) for each additional supervised injection site each year. This translates into a net average benefit-cost ratio of 1.21: 1 for both HIV and HCV.

CONCLUSIONS:

Funding supervised injection facilities in Montreal appears to be an efficient and effective use of financial resources in the public health domain.

PMID:
23837814
PMCID:
PMC3710233
DOI:
10.1186/1747-597X-8-25
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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