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Inorg Chem. 2013 Aug 5;52(15):9005-18. doi: 10.1021/ic401204j. Epub 2013 Jul 9.

Reactivity of the anionic diphosphorus complex [Mo2Cp2(μ-PCy2)(μ-κ(2):κ(2)-P2)(CO)2]- toward phosphorus- and transition metal-based electrophiles.

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Departamento de Química Orgánica e Inorgánica/IUQOEM, Universidad de Oviedo, E-33071 Oviedo, Spain.


The reactions of the Li(+) salt of the title anion with chlorophosphines PR2Cl (R = Cy, Ph, (t)Bu) led in all cases to products of formula [Mo2Cp2(μ-PCy2)(μ-κ(2)(P,P)':κ(2)(P,P″)-P2PR2)(CO)2], with the PR2 group inserted in one of the Mo-P(basal) bonds of the anion to give novel tridentate phosphinodiphosphenyl ligands, as confirmed by the solid-state structure of the PCy2 compound. When R was the bulky (t)Bu group, this product was in equilibrium with an isomer of formula [Mo2Cp2(μ-PCy2)(μ-κ(2)(P,P)':κ(2)(P,P')-P2P(t)Bu2)(CO)2], in which the diphosphorus ligand of the anion binds the P(t)Bu2 group through the lone pair of electrons at the basal P atom in an "end-on" fashion (computed P-P-P(t)Bu2 = 114.7°); the latter isomer was more stable than the former, according to the NMR data and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The title anion reacted with halide complexes of the type [MXLn] (MLn = FeCp(CO)2, MoCp(CO)3, ZrCpCl, Mn(CO)5, Re(CO)5) to give compounds of formula [Mo2MCp2(μ-PCy2)(μ-κ(2):κ(2):κ(1)-P2)(CO)2Ln] incorporating the organometallic fragment MLn also in an "end-on" position at the basal P atom of the anion, as confirmed by the solid-state structure of the Fe compound (P-P = 2.089(2) Å; P-P-Fe = 124.6(1)°). All these complexes, except the Zr compound, underwent a fluxional process in solution involving a swing of the P2 ligand around the Mo-Mo axis with concomitant exchange of the MLn fragment between the P atoms of the diphosphorus ligand, as revealed by variable-temperature NMR experiments. Thermal decarbonylation of the Mn and Re compounds gave hexanuclear derivatives of formula [Mo4M2Cp4(μ-PCy2)2(μ4-κ(1):κ(2):κ(2):κ(1)-P2)2(CO)12] (M = Mn, Re) as a mixture of two isomers derived from the different assembly of the asymmetric Mo2P2 subunits, as confirmed through X-ray analyses of both compounds. Each of the P2 ligands in these two complexes bind two Mo and two M atoms (M = Mn, Re), with the latter defining central P4M2 six-membered rings with unusual boat conformations.

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