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BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013 Jul 10;13:165. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-13-165.

A randomised controlled trial of the use of aromatherapy and hand massage to reduce disruptive behaviour in people with dementia.

Author information

1
Centre for Health Practice Innovation, Brisbane, QLD 4111, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Aromatherapy and hand massage therapies have been reported to have some benefit for people with dementia who display behavioural symptoms; however there are a number of limitations of reported studies. The aim is to investigate the effect of aromatherapy (3% lavender oil spray) with and without hand massage on disruptive behaviour in people with dementia living in long-term care.

METHODS:

In a single blinded randomised controlled trial 67 people with a diagnosis of dementia and a history of disruptive behaviour, from three long-term care facilities were recruited and randomised using a random number table into three groups: (1) Combination (aromatherapy and hand massage) (n = 22), (2) Aromatherapy (n = 23), (3) Placebo control (water spray) (n = 22). The intervention was given twice daily for six weeks. Data on residents' behaviour (CMAI) and cognition (MMSE) were collected before, during and after the intervention.

RESULTS:

Despite a downward trend in behaviours displayed not one of the interventions significantly reduced disruptive behaviour.

CONCLUSIONS:

Further large-scale placebo controlled studies are required where antipsychotic medication is controlled and a comparison of the methods of application of aromatherapy are investigated.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ACTRN12612000917831.

PMID:
23837414
PMCID:
PMC3737022
DOI:
10.1186/1472-6882-13-165
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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