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Environ Technol. 2013 Mar-Apr;34(5-8):779-86.

Removal of COD and colour in real pharmaceutical wastewater by photoelectrocatalytic oxidation method.

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Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, College of Science, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China.


In this study, TiO2/Ni photo-anode and multi-walled carbon nano-tubes (MWCNTs) air cathode were prepared by the dip-coating method, and the photoelectrocatalytic degradation of real pharmaceutical wastewater was investigated in the self-made reactor. The combination of the TiO2/Ni electrode and MWCNTs air cathode was adopted to treat the pharmaceutical wastewater by the process of photoelectrocatalysis. Various operational parameters to achieve optimum efficiency of this photoelectrocatalytic degradation system are presented, such as applied bias voltage, NaCl concentration, pH and different degradation methods. Under the optimal conditions, the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and colour are 93.5% and 78.5% respectively. The possible roles of the anode-cathode on the reactions and the probable mechanisms of effect were also discussed. The photoelectrocatalytic technology can be used for the long-term treatment of real pharmaceutical wastewater.

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