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Coll Antropol. 2013 Apr;37 Suppl 1:251-5.

Current concepts in myopia control.

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Velika Gorica University of Applied Sciences, Velika Gorica, Croatia.


Current animal and human models of myopia progression show that beside genetics, there are several environmental factors that contribute to the axial elongation process, the underlying cause for progressive myopia. During last years, extensive research in this field revealed some apparently independent mechanisms, which play an important role in myopisation. Understanding of these processes led to the introduction of novel techniques in optical corrective approach, pharmacological interventions as well as suggestions in environmental control. Many of these methods were proven effective for specific cases; however follow up sometimes shows efficacy drop and the catching up of myopia on longer term. In the present paper an overview of pharmacological and optical corrective options as well as environmental manipulation for the purpose of myopia control is presented and their efficacy is discussed.

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