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Clin Ophthalmol. 2013;7:1239-44. doi: 10.2147/OPTH.S44455. Epub 2013 Jun 24.

Netilmicin/dexamethasone fixed combination in the treatment of conjunctival inflammation.

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  • 1Struttura Complessa Oculistica III, Presidio Ospedaliero Oftalmico, Torino, Italy.



To compare the efficacy and safety of 0.1% dexamethasone/0.3% netilmicin (Netildex), with that of 0.1% dexamethasone/0.3% tobramycin (Tobradex) in the treatment of external ocular inflammation requiring antibiotic therapy.


In this randomized, double-blind study, 139 subjects with conjunctival inflammation associated with signs of ocular infection were treated with Netildex (n = 71) or Tobradex (n = 68) four times daily for 6 days. The primary efficacy analysis was based on the percentage of patients with at least a 50% decrease in conjunctival hyperemia at the endpoint visit (Day 6 [± 1]) with respect to baseline (responder rate). An equivalence margin of 20% was set for this study. A follow-up visit was performed at Day 14 (± 1). Other efficacy parameters were: conjunctival edema, conjunctival discharge, lid hyperemia, lid edema, presence of ocular infection, and symptoms of ocular discomfort. Safety evaluations included intraocular pressure, visual acuity, and adverse events.


At Day 6, a decrease of conjunctival hyperemia was observed in 87.3% and 90.9% of the patients treated with Netildex and Tobradex, respectively. The 95% confidence interval for the difference between groups (-15.3 ÷ 8.0) satisfied the equivalence hypothesis. Subjects treated with Netildex had a better control of lid hyperemia (P = 0.016), tearing (P = 0.001), burning (P = 0.007), and stinging (P = 0.004). No adverse reactions were observed during the study except one case of keratitis in the Tobradex group.


Netildex was as effective and safe as Tobradex in reducing signs and symptoms in patients with conjunctival inflammation when ocular infection was suspected.


conjunctivitis; dexamethasone; netilmicin; red eye

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