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Health Aff (Millwood). 2013 Jul;32(7):1265-73. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2012.0646.

How the Avahan HIV prevention program transitioned from the Gates Foundation to the government of India.

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Integrated Delivery and the Global Health Program, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA, USA.


Developing countries face diminishing development aid and time-limited donor commitments that challenge the long-term sustainability of donor-funded programs to improve the health of local populations. Increasing country ownership of the programs is one solution. Transitioning managerial and financial responsibility for donor-funded programs to governments and local stakeholders represents a highly advanced form of country ownership, but there are few successful examples among large-scale programs. We present a transition framework and describe how it was used to transfer the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation's HIV/AIDS prevention program, the Avahan program, to the Government of India. Essential features recommended for the transition of donor-funded programs to governments include early planning with the government, aligning donor program components with government structures and funding models prior to transition, building government capacity through active technical and management support, budgeting for adequate support during and after the transition, and dividing the transition into phases to allow time for adjustments and corrections. The transition of programs to governments is an important sustainability strategy for efforts to scale up HIV prevention programs to reach the populations most at risk.


AIDS/HIV; Global Health Studies; Health Philanthropy; Health Promotion/Disease Prevention; Public Health

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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