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Curr Protoc Chem Biol. 2010 Jun 1;2(2):89-109. doi: 10.1002/9780470559277.ch090183.

Directed evolution of DNA polymerases: construction and screening of DNA polymerase mutant libraries.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany.


The protocols in this article describe the construction of a mutant DNA polymerase library using error-prone PCR (epPCR) as a method for gene randomization, followed by screening of the library using two different approaches. The examples described use an N-terminally truncated form of the thermostable DNA polymerase I of Thermus aquaticus (Taq DNA polymerase), namely Klentaq (KTQ), and protocols are included for the identification of variants with (1) increased DNA lesion-bypass ability and (2) enhanced selectivity for DNA match/mismatch recognition. The screening assays are based on double-stranded DNA detection (using SYBR Green I) which can be carried out using standard laboratory equipment. The described assays are designed for use in a 384-well plate format to increase screening throughput and reduce material costs. For improved accuracy and ease of liquid handling, the use of an automated liquid handling device is recommended. Curr. Protoc. Chem Biol. 2:89-109.


DNA polymerase; PCR; directed evolution; primer extension; screening

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